Dying thief who stole ‘Wizard of Oz’ ruby slippers from museum gets no prison time

FILE - Sequin-covered ruby slippers worn by Judy Garland in "The Wizard of Oz" appear at the offices of Profiles in History in Calabasas, Calif. on Nov. 9, 2001. A dying thief who confessed to stealing the slippers because he wanted to pull off “one last score,” was given no prison time at his sentencing hearing Monday, Jan 29, 2024. The thief, Terry Jon Martin, said he had planned to remove what he thought were real rubies from the shoes and sell them. Once he learned the shoes were adorned only with sequins and glass beads, he got rid of them. (AP Photo/Reed Saxon, File)
FILE - Sequin-covered ruby slippers worn by Judy Garland in "The Wizard of Oz" appear at the offices of Profiles in History in Calabasas, Calif. on Nov. 9, 2001. A dying thief who confessed to stealing the slippers because he wanted to pull off “one last score,” was given no prison time at his sentencing hearing Monday, Jan 29, 2024. The thief, Terry Jon Martin, said he had planned to remove what he thought were real rubies from the shoes and sell them. Once he learned the shoes were adorned only with sequins and glass beads, he got rid of them. (AP Photo/Reed Saxon, File)

DULUTH, Minn. -- A dying thief who confessed to stealing a pair of ruby slippers that Judy Garland wore in "The Wizard of Oz" because he wanted to pull off "one last score" was given no prison time at his sentencing hearing Monday.

Terry Jon Martin, 76, stole the slippers in 2005 from the Judy Garland Museum in the late actor's hometown of Grand Rapids, Minnesota. He gave into temptation after an old associate with connections to the mob told him the shoes had to be adorned with real jewels to justify their $1 million insured value, his attorney revealed in a memo to the federal court ahead of his sentencing in Duluth.

Martin showed little emotion as the judge handed down the sentence and was unable to rise from his chair as the judge adjourned the hearing.

The FBI recovered the shoes in 2018 when someone else tried to claim a reward. Martin wasn't charged with stealing them until last year.

He pleaded guilty in October to theft of a major artwork, admitting to using a hammer to smash the glass of the museum door and display case to take the slippers. But his motivation remained mostly a mystery until defense attorney Dane DeKrey revealed it this month.

Martin, who lives near Grand Rapids, said at the October hearing that he hoped to remove what he thought were real rubies from the shoes and sell them. But a person who deals in stolen goods, known as a fence, informed him the rubies were sequins and glass beads, Martin said. So he got rid of the slippers.

DeKrey wrote in his memo that Martin's unidentified former associate with mob ties persuaded him to steal the slippers as "one last score," even though Martin had seemed to have "finally put his demons to rest" after finishing his last prison term nearly 10 years ago.

"At first, Terry declined the invitation to participate in the heist. But old habits die hard, and the thought of a 'final score' kept him up at night," DeKrey wrote. "After much contemplation, Terry had a criminal relapse and decided to participate in the theft."

Both sides recommended that Chief U.S. District Judge Patrick Schiltz sentence Martin to time served because he is housebound in hospice care and is expected to die within six months. He requires constant oxygen therapy for chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder and was in a wheelchair when he pleaded guilty.

Federal sentencing guidelines would have normally recommended a sentence of about 4 1/2 years to 6 years. Another prosecution filing said both sides agreed he should be ordered to pay $23,500 in restitution to the museum, even though he apparently does not have the money.

According to DeKrey, Martin had no idea about the cultural significance of the ruby slippers and had never seen "The Wizard of Oz." Instead, DeKrey said, the "old Terry" with a lifelong history involving burglary and receiving stolen property beat out the "new Terry" who had become "a contributing member of society" after his 1996 release from prison.

After the fence told Martin the rubies were fake, DeKrey wrote, he gave the slippers to his old associate and told him he never wanted to see them again. The attorney said Martin never heard from the man again. Martin has refused to identify anyone else who was involved in the theft, and nobody else has ever been charged in the case.

The FBI never disclosed exactly how it tracked down the slippers. The bureau said a man approached the insurer in 2017 and claimed he could help recover them but demanded more than the $200,000 reward being offered. The slippers were recovered during an FBI sting in Minneapolis the next year.

Federal prosecutors have put the slippers' market value at about $3.5 million.

In the classic 1939 musical, Garland's character, Dorothy, had to click the heels of her ruby slippers three times and repeat, "There's no place like home," to return to Kansas from Oz. She wore several pairs during filming, but only four authentic pairs are known to remain.

Hollywood memorabilia collector Michael Shaw had loaned one pair to the museum before Martin stole them. The other three are held by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, the Smithsonian Museum of American History and a private collector.

According to John Kelsh, founding director of the Judy Garland Museum, the slippers were returned to the collector and are being held for safekeeping by an auction house that plans to sell them after a promotional tour. He said he doubts they will ever come back to Grand Rapids.

Garland was born Frances Gumm in 1922. She lived in Grand Rapids, about 200 miles (320 kilometers) north of Minneapolis, until she was 4, when her family moved to Los Angeles. She died in 1969.

The Judy Garland Museum, located in the house where she lived, says it has the world's largest collection of Garland and Wizard of Oz memorabilia.

  photo  FILE - A pair of ruby slippers worn by Judy Garland in "The Wizard of Oz" are displayed at the Academy Museum on Tuesday, Sept. 21, 2021, in Los Angeles. A dying thief who confessed to stealing the slippers because he wanted to pull off "one last score," was given no prison time at his sentencing hearing Monday, Jan 29, 2024. The thief, Terry Jon Martin, said he had planned to remove what he thought were real rubies from the shoes and sell them. Once he learned the shoes were adorned only with sequins and glass beads, he got rid of them. (Photo by Richard Shotwell/Invision/AP, File)
 
 
  photo  FILE - Terry Jon Martin prepares to leave the federal courthouse in Duluth, Minn., Oct. 13, 2023. Martin, charged with the museum heist of a pair of ruby slippers worn by Judy Garland in the "The Wizard of Oz" gave into the temptation of "one last score" after an old mob associate led him to believe the famous shoes must be adorned with real jewels to justify their $1 million insured value according to a new memo filed ahead of his Monday, Jan. 29, 2024, sentencing in Duluth. (Dan Kraker/Minnesota Public Radio via AP)
 
 
  photo  FILE - Rhys Thomas, author of "the Ruby Slippers of Oz" takes a photo of a pair of ruby slippers once worn by Judy Garland in the "The Wizard of Oz", Sept. 4, 2018, in Brooklyn Center, Minn. The man who has admitted stealing the slippers, gave into the temptation of "one last score" after an old mob associate led him to believe the shoes must be adorned with real jewels to justify their $1 million insured value according to a new memo filed ahead of his Monday, Jan. 29, 2024, sentencing in Duluth, Minn. (Richard Tsong-Taatarii/Star Tribune via AP, FILE)
 
 
  photo  Terry Jon Martin, who pleaded guilty to stealing a pair of ruby red slippers worn by Judy Garland in "The Wizard of Oz," is wheeled out of the federal courthouse in Duluth, Minn. after his sentencing hearing on Monday, Jan. 29, 2024 by his attorney, Dane DeKrey. Martin, who is chronically ill and only has a couple months to live, will not have to serve time in prison for the crime. (Dan Kraker/Minnesota Public Radio via AP)