Elizabeth Wilson, professor of social work at William Woods University, recently released the results of a survey she and sophomore Katherine Johnson created on sexual consent. Wilson and Johnson collaborated for the school's mentor-mentee program in which a professor and student team up for research.
The survey was completed by 198 William Woods students - 90 percent women and 10 percent men - and asked 13 questions, focusing on sexual consent and how students define it.
"Consent is more than yes or no. ... It's something that no matter what your relationship is with someone, it needs to be obtained," Wilson said.
Those 13 survey questions tried to help lead Wilson and Johnson to answers for three main research questions, which Wilson discussed earlier this week:
•Is there a difference between male and female definition of consent?
•Is there a difference between male and female comfort levels discussing consent with their partners?
•Is there a difference between male and female expectations of consent?
Responses to survey questions ranged from strongly disagree to strongly agree.
One of the main conclusions Wilson said she gathered from the survey was that she felt the men were listening to messages on sexual consent. According to the survey, 100 percent of men agreed that they felt confident to ask consent from a partner, and 100 percent of men agreed that they should always assume they don't have sexual consent when initiating an encounter.
"Young men are taking consent seriously," Wilson said, based on the survey results.
Wilson also said that females judging female victims plays into rape culture, which blames the victim and depicts how a females' actions caused a sexual assault. Often times, she said, women judged female victims because they don't want to believe an attack could happen to them and go into "self-protection mode," thinking they could have gotten out of a bad situation.
"It's unfortunate that in our society it's acceptable for young women to judge each other," Wilson said.
According to the survey, 18 percent of the females agreed to the statement: "If I don't physically resist a sexual encounter - even if I am protesting verbally - I am consenting."
Wilson said she hopes that the survey will improve next school year with participation that reflects the William Woods population, which is currently 70 percent female and 30 percent male.
Survey statements and results:
Male: 100 percent agreed
Female: 88 percent agreed, 12% disagreed
Male: 64 percent agreed, 46 percent disagreed
Female: 30 percent agreed, 70 percent disagreed
Male: 46 percent agreed, 54 percent disagreed
Female: 32 percent agreed, 68 percent disagreed
Male: 38 percent somewhat agreed, 54 percent disagreed
Female: Less than 1 percent somewhat agreed, 98 percent disagreed
Male: 78 percent agreed, 21 percent disagreed
Female: 87 percent agreed, 13 percent disagreed
Male: 29 percent agreed, 29 percent somewhat agreed, 43 percent disagreed
Female: 19 percent agreed, 24 percent somewhat agreed, 67 percent disagreed
The male is responsible for consent.
The female is responsible for consent.
I feel that verbally asking for sexual consent should occur before proceeding with any sexual activity.
Male: 86 percent agreed
Female: 78 percent agreed
Male: 100 percent agreed
Female: 80 percent agreed, 20 percent disagreed
Male: 15 percent agreed
Female: 18 percent agreed
Male: 100 percent disagreed
Female: 14 percent agreed
Male: 14 percent disagreed
Female: 24 percent disagreed